How does tattoo removal work?
A laser beam is a very intense beam of light, when the energy of the laser light is aimed on to the tattoo ink in the skin it smashes that ink particle up into tiny pieces. These tiny ink particles are taken up by the lymph nodes, then the kidneys, the bladder....then out! This is why you need to drink plenty after a removal session - it helps to flush everything out.
ND YAG stands for neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet which is a crystal that is used as a medium for laser treatments. In Q-switched mode, Nd YAG produces 2 wavelengths, one in the infrared range 1064 nm and a second beam of 532 nm wavelength which is useful for superficial skin lesions. Q switching refers to the technique of making the laser produce a high intensity beam in very short pulses. Laser treatment is a method of removing tattoos, and pigment from the dermal layer of the skin.
We use Nd Yag to safely and effectively remove tattoos, permanent make up, and skin pigmentation such as age spots, sunspots and birthmarks
The AW3® ND YAG Q-switch technology can treat all skin types as long as you are in good health and do not have hypo/hyper- pigmentation, tanned or Keloid scarring in your family or personal history.
In principle the laser can remove all kind of tattoos. Since all tattoos are not the same in terms of colour, depth of ink deposition as well as their chemical composition some may respond differently. Black, red dark orange and dark blue tattoos will typically respond better to treatment with laser. However Brown, purple, green, light orange, neon and light blue colours are harder to remove and will require more sessions.
Customers will see a reduction after the first treatment however to completely remove a tattoo depending on the ink colour and how deep it is in the skin, it could be between 3-5 or more treatments with intervals of 6 weeks between treatments. In some clients, more sessions may be necessary for complete removal.
Results can be observed immediately after the first session.
Can 100% Removal be Guaranteed?
Unfortunately treatment may not achieve 100% removal
This depends on the size of the tattoo; a small tattoo might take 5 minutes, where a large, or multiple tattoos could take an hour or more. Again, the assessment will provide this information.
The level of pain felt will depend on the type of tattoos, the amount of treatment required and your own pain threshold. Some clients would describe it as no more than uncomfortable, where others will describe it as an elastic band flicked against the skin. The truth is that you will only know how painful you find it until you try it! We can offer advice on pain relief, which will be given during your assessment.
Although I am a nurse, I am not a nurse prescriber, so it would be illegal for me to give you a cream that contains Lidocaine.(which is a prescription only drug). However you may want to ask your GP or a pharmacist why you need the cream - if they are willing to prescribe if for you, you can apply it yourself, or you can ask me to apply it for you.
Although there is a risk of scarring with any laser, in most cases, scarring is not a significant risk for tattoo removal with the Nd YAG laser. Tattoo removal has become associated with scarring because the older generation of lasers used for tattoo removal were very aggressive and carried a very high risk of scarring. The ND Yag laser does not heat the surrounding skin significantly and the risk of scarring is much reduced. The risk of scarring is mainly associated with a genetic pre-disposition to forming scar tissue and the presence of resistant, green pigment. To reduce the risk, we carry out an extensive medical evaluation to identify high-risk clients; we also have an adjunct treatment that can prevent scar tissue forming and even improve existing.
- Post-treatment Discomfort, Localised Swelling, Redness and Mild Tenderness
- Although Uncommon, the treatment may cause Blistering, or Light Burns to the surface of the skin.
- Transient Hypo or Hyperpigmentation (Lightening or Darkening) of the Skin. This should normally fade in 3-6 months.
- Crust formation, 'dirty Skin' is commonly seen up to 10 days after treatment
- Bleeding, Scabbing, and Swelling can temporarily occur
Can anyone have Tattoo Removal?
Most people can have laser tattoo removal, however those with certain medical conditions, allergies, or medications should avoid treatment (Tattoo Removal - When I can't treat you)
It is a legal requirement that a patch test is carried out before I start treatment, and ensures you will not have an adverse reaction to the laser light. The patch test I will just carry out three shots of the laser on different areas of your tattoo. If you have a negative result I can start removal 48 hours later.